Saratoga, New York


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Saratoga, New York


In one of the most significant battles of the Revolution, Patriot forces under Generals Benedict Arnold and Horatio Gates ultimately defeated British forces under Generals John Burgoyne and Henry Clinton.

Two battles took place at Saratoga – one at Freeman’s Farm on September 9, and the other at Bemis Heights on October 9, 1777. Gates was defeated at Freeman’s Farm but at Bemis Heights, Arnold launched a relentless counterattack on Burgoyne’s battered army that resulted in such horrible casualties that the British were forced to surrender. The Patriots were aided by the failure of two British military detachments to arrive at the battle on time. The lack of reinforcements resulted in the British surrender of 9,000 soldiers.

Saratoga marked the turning point in the war and proved to the world that this new nation
could exist independently. France promptly recognized America’s independence from England, and pledged to support the Patriots in the war against their common enemy.




Related Links to Saratoga on


The Battle of Saratoga in Depth

Learn all about this crucial battle and stunning Patriot victory, which many consioder the turning point in the Revolutionary War.


Battle of Saratoga Reading Comprehension

This exercise contains a Battle of Saratoga reading passage with ten multiple choice questions that students complete online. Immediate feedback is provided (online version).

Online Reading Comprehension | Printable


Turning Points

This page requires students to ponder the significance of the Battle of Saratoga and to try to think of a related turning point in their own lives, or, in the lives of a characters in literature or the movies.



Benedict Arnold

This page describes the life and times of Benedict Arnold, one of the heroes of Saratoga, but ultimately, one of the most reviled figures in American history.


American Revolution

This page provides an in-depth look at the New England colonies as a whole, the individual colonies, as well as activities and printables.



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