United States Landmarks: Richmond, Virginia


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Richmond, Virginia


The state of Virginia played a prominent role in the American Civil War. Not only was Richmond the capital of the Confederate States of America (a group of 11 states that broke away from the United States before the Civil War), but hundreds of battles took place in the state. Although the Confederates won several important battles in Virginia, such as those at Bull Run and Chancellorsville, the Union Army (Army of the Potomac) decimated the Confederates in central Virginia battle sites, in what came to be known as General Grant’s (Union Commander) Overland Campaign. In the end, The Confederate Army was too weakened by the campaign and surrendered in 1865.



Related Links to Richmond

Fall of Richmond

Fall of Richmond

Learn all about the fall of the monumental fall of the Confederate capital and the resulting collapse of the Confederacy.

Ulysses S. Grant

Grant’s Overland Campaign to Richmond

Learn about this deadly campaign, designed by Union General Ulysses S. Grant to destroy Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia and to take the Confederate capital of Richmond.

Ulysses S. Grant

Important Virginia Battles

Virginia was the site of many of the deadliest and most important battles of the Civil War. Click below to learn more about them.

Bull Run I
Bull Run II
Siege at Petersburg




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