Phoenix, Arizona


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Phoenix, Arizona


Phoenix, Arizona is the largest capital city in the United States. With a population approaching 1.5 million people, Phoenix is America’s sixth largest city. Phoenix continues to rank as of one of America’s fastest growing cities. It is home to professional sports teams in all four major sports: The Cardinals (NFL), Diamondbacks (MLB), Suns (NBA), and Coyotes (NHL). Located in the northern reaches of the Sonoran Desert, in a region of Arizona known as the Valley of the Sun, Phoenix is one of the sunniest cities in America. It receives over 300 days per year of sunshine.

The city was founded in 1868 by an ex-Confederate soldier from Wickenburg, Arizona named Jack Swilling. He envisioned the area as a great place to farm. In 1881, Phoenix was incorporated as a city. The city’s population swelled after the railroads came to town and after the construction of the Theodore Roosevelt Dam over the Salt River. The dam provided electricity and allowed for expanded irrigation in the valley for farming, and produced a water supply for the growing population. On February 14, 1912, Phoenix was dedicated by President William Howard Taft as capital of the new state of Arizona. After Arizona statehood, Phoenix grew rapidly. By 1920, the first skyscraper was built in the city and by 1929, the city’s first airport was constructed.


More on Phoenix, Arizona


Arizona Interactive Map and Activities Page

Here, students can learn all about Arizona’s cities, landmarks, and landforms, simply by clicking on the map. Lots of interactive activities and printouts as well. Perfect for reports or research projects.

Indy 500

Sonoran Desert

Phoenix is located at the northern limits of the Sonoran Desert, one of Earth’s most biologically diverse deserts. Learn about the desert and its magnificent Saguaro Cacti by clicking above.


Click here for a United States Cities Online Scavenger Hunt

Click here for a United States Cities Printable Scavenger Hunt.