Montgomery, Alabama


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Montgomery, Alabama


In 1955, Montogmery was the site of one of the most important Civil Rights protests in the history of America – The Montgomery Bus Boycott. On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a public bus to a White person. At the time, African-Americans did not have the same rights as White people, and Parks was arrested. Her arrest mobilized the city’s African-American residents to stage a boycott ( a refusal to ride the buses) led by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Rather than riding buses, the protesters rode bicycles, walked, or carpooled. On November 13, 1956, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled Alabama’s bus segregation law as unconstitutional, and African-Americans gained the right to sit wherever they wanted. The boycott ended in Decmeber of 1956.

Related Links to Montgomery, Alabama

Rosa Parks Stamp

Rosa Parks

Learn all about Rosa Parks and how her refusal to reinquish her seat on an Alabama bus sparked a revolution.

Martin Luther King Jr.

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

Learn all about Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and his impact on Montgomery. This section also contains an animated biography storybook.

Jim Crow Laws

Jim Crow Laws

The result of the Civil War left many in the South bitter toward the integration of African Americans into society. Jim Crow Laws were those meant to punish and ostracize African-Americans in a “legal” manner.



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