13 Colonies – New Hampshire Colony for Kids


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This page describes the history of the New Hampshire Colony. Did you know New Hampshire was once referred to as the "Upper Province of Massachusetts?"


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New Hampshire Colony

New Hampshire Colony

New Hampshire Colony Activities on MrNussbaum.com

New England Colonies Informational Sheet – Informational printable with a map that details the geographic, climatic, economic, and religious conditions in the Southern Colonies
New Hampshire Today – This is a beautiful interactive, clickable map of New Hampshire that allows kids to click on its cities, landmarks, and places of interest, to learn in-depth information about their histories.

History of the New Hampshire Colony


New Hampshire was founded in 1622 when John Mason and Ferdinando Gorges were given a land grant by the Council for New England. Only three years after the Pilgrim’s landed at Plymouth, the first settlers arrived near present-day Portsmouth in 1623. They were fisherman. Before long, the settlers built a fort and fish-processing buildings. They named the area Pannaway Plantation. Eventually, some of the settlers moved from Pannaway Plantation and in 1629, founded the settlement of Strawbery Banke. Strawbery Bank would eventually become Portsmouth.

In 1641, the Massachusetts colony claimed the territory that was New Hampshire. New Hampshire became known as the “Upper Province” of Massachusetts. It remained the Upper Province until 1679 when it became a “Royal Province”. Once again, it was reunited with Massachusetts in 1698. Finally, in 1741, New Hampshire gained its independence and elected its own governor – Benning Wentworth, who governed the colony until 1766.