13 Colonies – North Carolina Colony for Kids


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This page describes the history of the New Carolina Colony. Did you know the first English-born child in the New World was born here in 1587? Her name was Virginia Dare.


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Croatoan and the Lost Colony

Lost Colony

North Carolina Colony Activities on MrNussbaum.com

North Carolina Colony Reading Comprehension Online – This is an online reading comprehension exercise with ten questions. Students get immediate feedback. Appropriate for grades 5-9.
North Carolina Colony Printable Reading Comprehension – This is a two-page printable reading comprehension exercise. The first page contains the text and the second page contains the multiple choice questions. Appropriate for grades 5-8.
The Ghost of Virginia Dare – Can your students write as if they’re the ghost of Virginia Dare? What really happened to the "Lost Colony?"
Southern Colonies Informational Sheet – Informational printable with a map that details the geographic, climatic, economic, and religious conditions in the Southern Colonies
What Colony am I? – This activity requires students to read descriptions of several colonies and then to identify them.

History of North Carolina Colony


North Carolina was first settled in 1587. 121 settlers led by John White landed on present-day Roanoke Island on July 22, 1587. It was the first English settlement in the New World. On August 18, 1587, White’s daughter gave birth to Virginia Dare, the first English child born in the New World. By 1590, however, all of the colonists on the island had disappeared. To this day, no one knows what happened to them, though some believe they integrated with and were absorbed by one of the local tribes. Today, the colony is referred to as “The Lost Colony”.

The first permanent English settlement in North Carolina occurred in 1655 when Nathaniel Batts, a Virginia farmer, migrated to an area just south of Virginia with the hopes of finding suitable farmland.

In 1663, King Charles II awarded eight noblemen called the Lord Proprietors the Province of Carolina (named after the King) in appreciation of their efforts in helping him regain the throne of England. At the time, the Province of Carolina included both present-day North and South Carolina.

In 1665, Sir John Yeamans established a second permanent colony in North Carolina on the Cape Fear River near present-day Wilmington. In 1670, a settlement near present-day Charleston, South Carolina (Charles Town) was established. This settlement grew quickly because it had a natural harbor and allowed easy access to trade with the West Indies. Charles Town soon became the principal seat of government for the entire region. Because of the distance between Charles Town and points in the northern part of the colony, the terms “North Carolina” and “South Carolina” came into use.

In 1729, the Lord Proprietors sold their interests in the Carolina colony back to the English Crown, and North and South Carolina became separate royal colonies.