13 Colonies: Connecticut Colony


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This page describes the history of the Connecticut Colony. Did you know the first Connecticut settlers arrived in 1633?


Home >> United States History >> 13 Colonies >> Connecticut Colony


Connecticut Colony and Pequot War

Pequot War

Connecticut Colony Activities on MrNussbaum.com

Connecticut Colony Printable Reading Comprehension – This is a two-page printable reading comprehension exercise. The first page contains the text and the second page contains the multiple choice questions. Appropriate for grades 5-8.
New England Colonies Informational Sheet – Informational printable with a map that details the geographic, climatic, economic, and religious conditions in the Southern Colonies
Connecticut Today – This is a beautiful interactive, clickable map of Rhode Island that allows kids to click on its cities, landmarks, and places of interest, to learn in-depth information about their histories.
Pequot War – Learn all about this violent war between the Connecticut colonists and the Pequot Nation in the 1600s.

History of the Connecticut Colony


Connecticut was originally settled by Dutch fur traders in 1614. They sailed up the Connecticut River and built a fort near present-day Hartford.

The first English settlers arrived in Connecticut in 1633 under the leadership of Reverend Thomas Hooker. They were Puritans from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. After their arrival, several colonies were established including the Colony of Connecticut, Old Saybrooke, Windsor, Hartford, and New Haven. Hartford quickly became an important center of government and trade.

Much of land settled by the colonists was purchased from the Mohegan Indians. The Pequot tribe, however, wanted the land. Soon, violence erupted between settlers and the Pequot Indians in 1637. In what came to be known as the Pequot War, The Pequots were systematically massacred by not only the settlers, but by Mohegan and Naragansett Indians that had previously warred against them. Pequot lands were subsequently divided among the settlers and other tribes. After the Pequot War, Thomas Hooker led in the drafting of the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut in 1639. The document was a plan for government and is sometimes called America’s first Constitution. John Haynes was then chosen as Connecticut’s first governor. Finally, in 1662, Connecticut was issued a royal charter, which gave the colony a legal basis and approval from the King.