Wilmot Proviso


This page describes the Wilmot Proviso


Home >> United States History >> Civil War >> Causes and Effects >> Wilmot Proviso


Civil War

Causes and Effects
Civil War Interactive
Civil War: Challenge and Discovery
Civil War Battles
Gettysburg in Depth
People of the Civil War
Union and Confederacy
Women in the Civil War
African Americans in the Civil War
Death in the Civil War
Abraham Lincoln: IN DEPTH
Civil War Online Activities
Civil War Printable Activities
Make Your Own Map!

Causes of the Civil War

Missouri Compromise
Nat Turner Rebellion
Wilmot Proviso
Underground Railroad
Compromise of 1850
Kansas-Nebraska Act
Ostend Manifesto
Dred Scott Decision
John Brown Rebellion
Election of Abraham Lincoln

Effects of the Civil War

Emancipation Proclamation
The Division of Virginia
Scalawags and Carpetbaggers
Jim Crow Laws
13th Amendment
14th Amendment
15th Amendment

Major American Wars

French and Indian War
Revolutionary War
War of 1812
Mexican-American War
Civil War

David Wilmot

David Wilmot


The Wilmot Proviso was an addendum added to $2,000,000 request for funds introduced to Congress by President James K. Polk following the Mexican War. Polk requested the funds to negotiate a peace treaty with Mexico. The proviso was attached to appease Northern abolitionists and to prevent the introduction of slavery into any new territory acquired as a result of the war.

The highly political bill caused a major stir in Congress and was never passed in the Senate or House of Representatives, despite the efforts of Northern politicians to re-introduce the bill several times during Congressional sessions. Political wrangling concerning the introduction of the bill resulted in strained relations between politicians in the North and South. The disagreements between Democrats and Whigs over the Wilmot Privoso and the larger issue of slavery resulted in the formation of the Republican Party in Ripon , Wisconsin in 1854.