Civil War Battles and Events for Kids


Welcome to the Battles of the Civil War page. Click on any of the battle links below to learn more


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Battle of Gettysburg Postage Stamp

1863 Battle of Gettysburg, the largest battle ever fought in America

Fort Sumter

The battle at Fort Sumter was the first military action of the Civil War. Unlike future battles, there were no direct casualties here.

Bull Run I

The Confederate victory at the First Battle of Bull Run proved that to Washington that the war would be long and deadly.

Peninsula Campaign

Union general George McClellan’s ill-fated Peninsula Campaign was the first of many missteps and opportunities lost for the Union Army.

Trent Affair

The Trent Affair nearly resulted in the Union fighting both the Union and England!


Click here to learn how the Battle of the Ironclads changed naval warfare forever.


The bloody Battle of Shiloh was a huge victory for Union forces under Ulysses S. Grant in the Western Theater. As a result of the battle, western Tennessee, northern Mississippi, and a section of the Mississippi River fell into Union hands.


The Battle of Winchester was one of several victories for Confederate forces in or near the Shenandoah Valley.

Bull Run II

The Second Battle of Bull Run was three times as violent as the First Battle of Bull Run, but the result was the same – a decisive Confederate victory.

Harper’s Ferry

Little did Confederate or Union forces know that by 1863, this Virginia city and Confederate stronghold would be part of West Virginia – and the Union.


The Battle of Antietam represented the bloodiest one-day battle of the entire Civil War. Although it was considered a draw, the Confederate army was forced back into Virginia.

Stones River

The Union victory at Stones River in resulted in its control of middle Tennessee including Nashville.


The Confederate victory at Fredericksburg was one of the most one-sided battles of the entire war and resulted in a shake-up of Union leadership.


The Confederate victory at Chancellorsville was Robert E. Lee’s greatest victory of the Civil War and prompted him to invade the North for a second time.

Gettysburg Prelude

Lee’s movements north into Pennsylvania set the stage for the largest battle ever fought in the Western Hemisphere.

Gettysburg Day 1

This page describes the violent battles from Devil’s Den, Culp’s Hill, and Little Round Top on the second day of the Battle of Gettysburg.

Gettysburg Day 3

The climax of the Battle of Gettysburg occurs at Cemetery Ridge, where annihilation of Pickett’s brigade in what came to be known as "Pickett’s Charge" results in the Confederate retreat back to Virginia.


The monumental siege at Vicksburg will ultimately result in the city’s surrender on July 4th, 1863, and total control of the Mississippi River for Union forces.

NY Draft Riots

These riots were the deadliest in American history.


This violent battle was the second deadliest in entire war, and the deadliest in the Western Theater. The Confederate victory here was short-lived. Within a month, Union forces would break the siege at Chattanooga.


The Battles at Chattanooga served as redemption for Union forces after their defeat at Chickamauga. After the Battle of Chattanooga, Union forces could penetrate the heart of Georgia.

Overland Campaign

The Overland Campaign was a series of battles that systematically decimated Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia and led to their ultimate defeat. Union General Ulysses S. Grant, despite being vilified in the Northern press for the high numbers of casualties, is the mastermind of the campaign.

Sherman’s March to the Sea

Led by William Tecumseh Sherman, the "march" was designed to break the will of the Southern people.

Fall of Petersburg

The Siege of Petersburg lasted nearly ten months, making it the longest in American history. The fall of this city in April of 1865 meant certain doom for the Confederate capital.

Fall of Richmond

As Petersburg fell to Union forces, Jefferson Davis ordered the Confederate government to evacuate Richmond. When Union soldiers arrived at the former Confederate capital, they found much of it in flames.

Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse

The end for the Confederacy occurred on April 9, 1865, at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia, when Lee finally surrendered his Army of Northern Virginia to Union General Grant.