United States Cities: Charleston, South Carolina


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Charleston, South Carolina

By Katie Armstrong, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=577715

Charleston was originally founded as Charles Town in 1670. It was the first established founded as part of England’s Carolina Colony. It soon became a major immigration center and attracted Irish, French,German, Scottish, and Jewish settlers. In 1718, the city was besieged by the famous pirate Blackbeard. During the Revolutionary War, Charleston was the site of the largest Patriot surrender of soldiers and gunpower in the entire war.

Charleston was a major colonial shipping port and was the fourth largest city in the colonies until 1800, though more than half of its residents were slaves working in the lucrative cotton industry. In 1861, soon after Charleston joined the Confederacy, the first shots of the American Civil War were fired at Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor. By 1865, however, Charleston had been occupied by Union forces.

Today Charleston is home to numerous museums, landmarks, and theaters. It is one of the nation’s most historic cities and is one of the top tourist attractions in the southern United States.


More on Charleston, South Carolina


South Carolina Interactive Map and Activities Page

Here, students can learn all about South Carolina’s cities, landmarks, and landforms, simply by clicking on the map. Lots of interactive activities and printouts as well. Perfect for reports or research projects.

South Carolina colony

South Carolina Colony

Click the link above to learn all about the South Carolina colony, and how the city of Charleston caused the eventual break up of the Carolina colony into North and South Carolina.




Blackbeard besieged the city of Charleston in 1718. Learn all about this terrifying pirate who, despite his reputation, never killed another person.

Fort Sumter

Fort Sumter

The first battle of the Civil Was was fought at Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor. Learn more about this Confederate victory by clicking above.


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