1543 – 1792: British and
Spanish explorers came and settled looking for the “great
river of the west” and to trade fur with the
1792: Captain Robert Gray found and named the Columbia
1804-1805: Lewis and Clark, sent by Thomas Jefferson
to explore the Louisiana Purchase and find a northwest
passage to the Pacific Ocean, built Fort Clatsop
on the Columbia River. They sent word that there
were many fur-bearing animals.
Astor Expedition, funded by millionaire John Jacob
Astor, brought fur traders to modern-day Astoria
on the Columbia River. It became the first "White" settlement
in the region.
of people arrived in Oregon's Willamette Valley
using the Oregon Trail.
Oregon Treaty settled a major boundary dispute
between The United States and Great Britain.
1848: Oregon was established as a territory.
1859: Oregon became the 33rd state in the United
1873: The “great fire” in the city of
Portland, Oregon, destroys most of town and costs
the city $1,250,300.
1933-1937: Industrial development increases with
the building of the Bonneville Dam on the Columbia
1942: In June of 1942, a Japanese submarine launched
shells on Fort Stevens in Oregon. This was the only
attack on the United States mainland during World
War II. The submarine surfaced near the entrance
of the Columbia River from the Pacific Ocean. The
only damage they did was to a baseball field's backstop.
1966: The Astoria-Megler Bridge, was finished and stretched
4.1 miles from Astoria, Oregon, to Point Ellice,
Washington. The bridge is 1,232 feet in length,
the worlds 2nd longest "continuous truss" bridge.
1991: Mrs. Barbara Roberts becomes the first woman
governor of Oregon.